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CALVINISM

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CALVINISM

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1 ANONYMOUS. Covenant of Redemption.
19TH-AM- 
ANONYMOUS. The Covenant of Redemption. [No place] (Published by the American Doctrinal Tract Society.) [No date, circa 1840?] [At head of title:] No. 3. 12mo. 11.3 x 18.3cm. Pamphlet, side-stitched with new linen thread, light foxing, very small ink stain. Pagination: [1]-12pp. Attributed to Smith in the thirtieth annual report of the Congregational Board of Publication, 1859.--OCLC. Written in the catechism, question & answer format. 
Price: 30.00 USD
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An Enquiry Into Four Remarkable Texts of the New Testament Which contain Some Difficulty in them: With a Probable Resolution Of them, EDWARDS, JOHN.
2 EDWARDS, JOHN. An Enquiry Into Four Remarkable Texts of the New Testament Which contain Some Difficulty in them: With a Probable Resolution Of them
1692 Book Small octavo, 12 x 17.1 x 2.7cm. Cambridge, Printed by J. Hayes, Printer to the University 
"One of the Strongest Calvinistic Divines of the Church of England," John Edwards: An Enquiry Into Four Remarkable Texts of the New Testament..., Cambridge, 1692.


EDWARDS, JOHN. An Enquiry Into Four Remarkable Texts of the New Testament Which contain Some Difficulty in them: With a Probable Resolution Of them. By John Edwards, B.D. sometime Fellow of St Johns College in Cambridge. I Cor. 13.9. We know in part, and we prophesie in part. Cambridge, Printed by J. Hayes, Printer to the University; for W. Graves Bookseller there. 1692. Small octavo, 12 x 17.1 x 2.7cm. $200.00

John Edwards 1637-1716, "one of the strongest Calvinistic divines the Church of England has produced... In 1653 he entered St. John's College, Cambridge, where he became scholar and fellow. He was minister of Trinity Church, Cambridge in 1679, and there wrote industriously on controversial theology... 'It may be questioned whether, since the days of Calvin himself, there has existed a more decided Calvinist than Dr. Edwards. He has been termed the Paul, the Augustine, the Bradwardline, the Calvin of his age. Such was the abhorrence of Arminianism, that he contended with the old Puritans, that there is a close connection between it and popery.'"--McClintock & Strong: Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Knowledge, III:63.

Edwards' An Enquiry into Four Remarkable Texts... was published in 1692 (1st & only edition). In it he treats of four problem passages in the NT: Matt. 2:23 (He shall be called a Nazarene). I Cor. 11:14 (Doth not even nature it self teach you, that if a man have long hair it is a shame unto him?). I Cor. 15:29 (...what shall they do that are baptized for the sake of the dead, if the dead are not raised at all? Why are they even baptized for the sake of the dead?). I Peter 3:19-20 (By which also he went and preached unto the Spirits in prison...).

Collation: title leaf, A-R8, S4, T2. T2, the errata leaf with printing on the recto, has the blank verso pasted to e inside of the rear cover as an endpaper. Pagination: (1) title, (1) contents, (16) preface, 1-266, (1) errata, (1) blank. Wing E208. Online ESTC Citation No. R17328.

Bound worn leather spine with soiled cream colored paper over boards, lacks top 5cm of spine leather, smaller pieces of leather chipped from the remaining lower 4 panels, paper over boards soiled, bottom two corners bumped and worn through paper, no flyleaves or free endpapers--see note in "Collation" above re errata leaf. Medium foxing but heavier in some places, a number of the signature & leaves have been strengthened with paper along the gutter sometime in the further past, names written on p. 192-192 in the margins including "Sam Grafton," early pen scribbling on another page.
(17910) 
Price: 200.00 USD
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A Review of Dr. Woods' Letters to Dr. Taylor, on the Permission of Sin.  Together with Remarks on Dr. Bellamy's Treatise, on the Same Subject.  First Published in the Quarterly Christian Spectator, for September 1830., FITCH, ELIAZAR THOMPSON
3 FITCH, ELIAZAR THOMPSON A Review of Dr. Woods' Letters to Dr. Taylor, on the Permission of Sin. Together with Remarks on Dr. Bellamy's Treatise, on the Same Subject. First Published in the Quarterly Christian Spectator, for September 1830.
New Haven Theology: Fitch's Review of Dr. Woods' Letters to Dr. Taylor, New Haven, 1830 Pamphlet, side-stitched with printed tan wrapper Good Octavo, 15x23.5cm New Haven, CT 
FITCH, ELEAZAR THOMPSON. A Review of Dr. Woods' Letters to Dr. Taylor, on the Permission of Sin. Together with Remarks on Dr. Bellamy's Treatise, on the Same Subject. First Published in the Quarterly Christian Spectator, for September 1830. New-Haven: Baldwin and Treadway, printers. 1830. Octavo in 4's, 15 x 23.5cm. $60.00 Eleazar Thompson Fitch (1791-1871) educator, lecturer, author. Fitch graduated from Yale in 1810; entered Andover Theol Seminary in 1812 where, "after completing the regular course, he remained, pursing advanced studies, giving assistance in instruction, and preaching, until his election, in 1817, to succeed President Dwight in the office of professor of divinity at Yale... He delivered to successive classes a series of sermons in systematic theology, and some of his doctrinal views thus presented becoming publicly controverted, he was compelled to defend them publicly."--Appletons' Cyclop´┐Żdia of American Biography, II:470. In this pamphlet Fitch defends Nathaniel W. Taylor, who was his colleague at Yale. Regarding the authorship of this pamphlet, 1 OCLC entry (7 libraries) attributes it to Eleazar T. Fitch. 2 other OCLC entries (25 libraries) attribute it to N.W. Taylor himself based on Sidney Earl Mead: Nathaniel William Taylor, 1786-1858, Chicago, 1942, p.248 and also Franklin B. Dexter's Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College, New Haven, 1912, 6:161. However, the pamphlet refers to "Dr. Taylor" in the third person, whereas other pamphlets of Taylor in this controversy use the first person. I think it likely that Fitch was the author and not Taylor. American Imprints #30-1386 also lists it under Fitch. "The Remarks on Dr. Bellamy's Treatise, on the Permission of Sin, are attributed to Luther Hart, editor of the Quarterly Christian Spectator, and they are in response to Joseph Bellamy's The Wisdom of God in the Permission of Sin, as published in Bellamy's Works, v. 2, 1811"--OCLC. The pamphlet itself states in a footnote on the first page of the Review of Dr. Woods' Letters, "These remarks were originally subjoined to a review of Dr. Bellamy's Treatise on the permission of sin, which was passing through the press, at the time when Dr. Woods' Letter to Dr. Taylor were received. As the subject of these Letters is more immediately interesting to the public at the present time, we have here placed our remarks upon them first, and have subjoined the review of Dr. Bellamy, because it is frequently alluded to in our examination of Dr. Woods' Letters."--p.3. Pamphlet, side-stitched with printed tan wrapper, along spine strip wrapper is tattered and about half worn away, bottom & fore-edges untrimmed, light to medium foxing. Collation: 1-64, 71. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [3]-39 Review of Dr. Woods' Letters, [40]-50 Remarks on Dr. Bellamy's Treatise, on the Permission of Sin." (17721) 
Price: 60.00 USD
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An Examination of a Review of Dr. Taylor's Sermon on Human Depravity, and Mr. Harvey's Strictures on that Sermon, HARVEY, JOSEPH
4 HARVEY, JOSEPH An Examination of a Review of Dr. Taylor's Sermon on Human Depravity, and Mr. Harvey's Strictures on that Sermon
1829 Good Pamphlet Octavo Hartford, CT 
Harvey's Examination of a Review of Dr. Taylor's Sermon on Human Depravity, Hartford, 1829

[HARVEY, JOSEPH]. An Examination of a Review of Dr. Taylor's Sermon on Human Depravity, and Mr. Harvey's Strictures on that Sermon. Hartford: Printed by Goodwin & Co., 1829. Octavo. $45.00

Joseph Harvey (1787-1873) Congregational minister. This pamphlet is attributed to Harvey in Franklin B. Dexter's Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College... 1912, v.6, p.201. Dexter also states that the review of Dr. Taylor's sermon, first published in the Quarterly Christian Spectator for June 1829 and later in a pamphlet, was written jointly by Chauncey A. Goodrich and Noah Porter. The reviewers Goodrich & Porter, based there review on Harvey's previously published "Strictures." So in this anonymously published examination of the Review, Harvey is in large measure defending & clarifying his own words. The controversy was about N.W. Taylor's theory of sin, moral agency & divine government. He summarizes his objections to Taylor's theology: "The peculiar feature, and what many will consider, the radical error of this theory, is the assumption, that all moral depravity consists in a free preference of the world to God. That such a preference is a consequence and an evidence of depravity, none will deny. But to say, that this preference is the root and source of the evil, is placing the subject on new ground, and seriously affecting all the great doctrines of the Gospel, which stand related to human depravity."--p.44.

Disbound pamphlet side-stitched with new linen thread, light foxing. Collation: 1-74. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [3]-53pp, (3)pp blank.
(17293) 
Price: 45.00 USD
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Letters on the Present State and Probable Results of Theological Speculations in Connecticut, HARVEY, JOSEPH.
5 HARVEY, JOSEPH. Letters on the Present State and Probable Results of Theological Speculations in Connecticut
1832 Good Pamphlet Octavo, 12.8 x 21.3cm Hartford, CT 
Joseph Harvey writing Against Nathaniel W. Taylor, 1832

HARVEY, JOSEPH. Letters on the Present State and Probable Results of Theological Speculations in Connecticut. By an Edwardean. [No place, no publisher; Hartford?] 1832. Octavo, 12.8 x 21.3cm.$45.00

Joseph Harvey (1787-1873) Congregational minister. In this pamphlet Harvey responds to either real or literary questions of a friend concerning the theological opinions of Nathaniel W. Taylor. Harvey stated that "Dr. Taylor's creed exhibits some of the peculiarities of Pelagianism: (e.g.) Peleagius denied original sin, or native depravity. So does Taylor."--p.25. Harvey also argues that the Theological Seminary had known years of harmony and revivals of religion. However, "this harmony and prosperity continued to increase until Dr. Taylor came into the field. And since that time the seeds of alienation and division have been industriously sown, and have produced a rapid growth and an early harvest."--p.27.

Disbound pamphlet, side-stitched, light to medium foxing. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [3]-44pp. American Imprints 32-13392, with 44pp and only MWA. #32-12841 with 40pp.
(17734) 
Price: 45.00 USD
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System of Theology Contained in the Westminster Shorter Catechism., HODGE, A.A.
6 HODGE, A.A. System of Theology Contained in the Westminster Shorter Catechism.
1886 First Edition Book 12mo, 12.7 x 18.7cm 
First Edition of A.A. & J.A Hodge's The System of Theology Contained in the Westminster Shorter Catechism Philadelphia, 1886, 1887


HODGE, ARCHIBALD ALEXANDER & J. ASPINWALL HODGE. The System of Theology Contained in the Westminster Shorter Catechism. Opened and Explained. By Rev. A. A. Hodge, D.D. [& Rev. J. Aspinwall Hodge, D.D.] Text-book of the Theological Summer School. Part I [& Part II]. Philadelphia: James A. Worden, Sec. of S.-S. Work, No. 1334 Chestnut Street. 1886, 1887. 12mo, 12.7 x 18.7cm.

A. A. Hodge (1823-1886) American Presbyterian, son of Charles Hodge, graduate of Princeton, college & seminary, missionary in India for 3 years, pastor 1851-1864, chair of systematic theology, Western Theol. Seminary, Allegheny, Pa. 1864-1877, Princeton Theol Sem. 1877-1886. "Hodge's distinguishing characteristic as a theologian was his power as a thinker... His theology of was that of the Reformed confessions."--Francis L. Patton in The New Schaff-Herzog Ency. Rel. Knowl., V:304. "His Outlines of Theology, which had extensive long-continued use as a textbook, is a dry precise statement of the elder Hodge's doctrine, clearly analytical and dogmatically positive."--Dict. Amer. Biog., IX:98. From the preface: "The 'Bible Correspondence School' was organized in 1883. It is an answer to the question, which has for many years pressed for solution, How shall the teachers of our Sabbath-schools be prepared for their work? It has grown far beyond expectations... From members of the Bible Correspondence School has arisen a demand for a course in Systematic Theology." Note on verso of title page of part II: "The Change of Author. The sudden and lamented death of Rev. A.A. Hodge, D.D., the author of Part I. of this work left the Summer Theological School without an instructor for Part II. This embraces the important portions of the theology of the Westminster Shorter Catechism relating to the law of God, the guilt and helplessness of man, and the means and conditions of salvation... After careful thought and wise counsel, I invited his cousin, Rev. J. Aspinwall Hodge, D.D., of Hartford, Conn.... to prepare Part II."
We are please to offer the scarce first edition of Hodge's System of Theology.

Bound in publisher's black textured cloth with faded gold lettering on spine, wearing through cloth at corners and spine ends, bottom two corners bumped, cloth soiled, damp spots on back cover, light yellow endpapers, modern red library stamp on bottom page edges and on endpapers, pages browning--first part darker than second part, small water spot on title and next 3 leaves, a few pages with pencil marks in margins.

Pagination: (1) title, (1) copyright, 3-4 preface, 5-78 text of pt 1, (2) blank; (1) title, (1) change of author note, 81-168 text part 2, 169-185 questions, 186-190 index. Printer on verso of title page of Part I: "Wescott & Thomson, Stereotypers and Electrotypers, Philada." OCLC locates only Princeton Univ. & Presb. Hist. Soc. with this the first edition. 2nd ed. issued in 1888 published by A.C. Armstrong & Son, and is more common.
(17432) 
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7 M'GAVIN, WILLIAM. Protestant. Essays on the Principal Points of Controversy Between
1833 Second American From the Ninth Glasgow Edition. Bound full calf with gilt spines, quite rubbed & scuffed but still looks nice, worn through leather at corners, 2 x 12mm piece leather missing from bottom of front hinge, marbled page edges--worn, light to medium foxing. Octavo, 14.5 x 22.7cm. Hartford, CT 
M'GAVIN, WILLIAM. The Protestant. Essays on the Principal Points of Controversy Between the Church of Rome and the Reformed. By William M'Gavin, Esq. With an Appendix; illustrating Jesuitism; Monarchism; and Popery in America. "The Mystery of Iniquity!" Paul. Second American From the Ninth Glasgow Edition. Volume I [& II] Hartford--Hutchison and Dwier, 1833. 2 Vols., Octavo, 14.5 x 22.7cm.

Bound full calf with gilt spines, quite rubbed & scuffed but still looks nice, worn through leather at corners, 2 x 12mm piece leather missing from bottom of front hinge, marbled page edges--worn, light to medium foxing.

Collation: 10 unsigned leaves, A-B2, [1]-914, last leaf blank; 10 leaves, [2]-994, 1002, last leaf blank. Pagination: (1) title, (1) copyright, 1-12 Descriptions of Engravings, [iii]-iv Preface, [v]-vi To the Reader, [vii]-xxiv To American Protestants, [1]-6 contents, (1) half-title, (1) blank, [9]-726pp; (1) title, (1) copyright, 1-11 Description of Engravings, (1) blank, [3]-670pp; (1) half-title, (1) blank, (1) title--Appendix, (1) blank, (1) half-title, (1) blank, [677]-776, [777]-783 Index, (1) blank, [785]-794 Statistics U.S. & Canada. Each vol. has 17 engraved plates including the frontispiece in each volume. With the exception of the frontispiece, the other plates all have 3 separate engravings on the page. They are numbered to match the descriptions printed in the preliminary matter of each volume.

William McGavin (1773-1832) "proponent of evangelical Protestantism and religious controversialist...His best known work is The Protestant, a weekly issued at Glasgow 1819-22. Statements in this led to his being tried for libel, successfully, in 1821. His interest in such polemic seems to have come from reading Thomas McCulloch of Nova Scotia. McGavin's work, though prejudiced and narrow, derives its power from a forceful, satirical style."--J.F. McCaffrey in Dict. Scottish Church History & Theology, p.514. Allibone quotes Robert Hall re this work: "The Protestant, a series of periodical papers composed by Mr. McGavin of Glasgow, contains the fullest delineation of the Popish system, and the most powerful confutation of its principles, in a popular style, that we have seen." 
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Apologia verae DoctrinŠ de Definitione Evangelii.  Opposita Thrasonici prŠstigiis & indignis Theologo lusibus Iohannis VVigandi., PEZEL, CHRISTOPH.
8 PEZEL, CHRISTOPH. Apologia verae DoctrinŠ de Definitione Evangelii. Opposita Thrasonici prŠstigiis & indignis Theologo lusibus Iohannis VVigandi.
Title translation: A Defence of true Doctrine from an Exposition of the Gospel. In Opposition to the vainglorious, deluded, and unworthy, shifty theologian, Johann Wigand. 1571 Pamphlet, bound quarto Wittenberg 
Christoph Pezel, Lutheran Crypto-Calvinist turned Reformed;
Writing against Johann Wigand, Wittenberg, 1571.

"He is particularly interesting as showing the evolution from Melanchthon's attitude towards predestination to the complete determinism of the Calvinistic concept of the dogma."

PEZEL, CHRISTOPH. Apologia verae DoctrinŠ de Definitione Evangelii. Opposita Thrasonicis prŠstigiis & indignis Theologo lusibus Iohannis VVigandi. Authore Christophoro Pezelio, Sacre TheologiŠ Doctore & Professore in Academia Wvitebergensi. [small simple woodcut device] VVitebergŠ, Excudebant Clemens Schleich & Antonius Sch÷ne, Anno M.D.LXXI. [1571] quarto, 15.7 x 19.5cm (pages) $750.00

Christoph Pezel (1539-1604) "German crypto-Calvinist... He was educated at the universities of Jena and Wittenberg...in 1569 was ordained preacher at the Schloss-kirche in Wittenberg. In the same year he entered the theological faculty, where he soon became involved in the disputes between the followers of Melanchthon and Luther, writing the Apologia verŠ doctrinŠ de definitione Evangelii (Wittenberg, 1571) and being the chief author of the Wittenberg catechism of 1571. He soon took a leading position as a zealous Philippist."--G. Kawerau in New Schaff-Herzog Ency. Rel. Knowl. IX:4. He was banished in 1576 for his Calvinism, but was called to Nassau the following year where he helped to introduce Calvinism. Bremen called him in 1581, and there he laid the foundation of Reformed church life. "Pezel did away with Luther's Catechism, substituting for it his own Bremen catechism, which remained in force until the eighteenth century, removed images and pictures from the churches, formed a ministerium which united the clergy, and, by his Consensus ministerii Bremensis ecclesiŠ of 1595, prepared the way for the complete acceptance of Calvinistic doctrine." "He is particularly interesting as showing the evolution from Melanchthon's attitude towards predestination to the complete determinism of the Calvinistic concept of the dogma."--ibid. The Apologia is one of Pezel's earlier writings and was directed against Johann Wigand. Johann Wigand (1523-1587) had studied at Wittenberg hearing Luther, Melancthon & Cruciger. He was a staunch defender of orthodox Lutheran doctrine. Title translation: A Defence of true Doctrine from an Exposition of the Gospel. In Opposition to the vainglorious, deluded, and unworthy, shifty theologian, Johann Wigand.

Bound modern hardcover with brown variegated paper over boards, two small circular stamps on verso of title, very small piece torn from bottom edge of title, light & thin water stain along bottom and fore-edge of leaves D1-F1, light foxing. Collation: A-F4. Pagination: [48]pp. One decorative woodcut initial.

OCLC locates 4 libraries in the U.S. holding copies of this title: Andrews Univ., Harvard Div. Sch.; Luth. Theol. Sem.(PA); U. Wisconsin;1 library in UK: British Library; 6 libraries in Germany: Herzog August Bibl., Statts und U. Bremen, ULBSachsen Anhat Zentrale, Sachsiche LandesBibl., Universitatsbibliothek Tubingen, Wurttembergische Landesbibliothek; 2 in France: Bibliotheque Nat & Univ Strasbourg, Bibliotheque Nationale; 1 In Denmark:Danish Union Cat & Danish Natl Bibl.
(13087) 
Price: 750.00 USD
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9 ROGERS, EBENEZER PLATT. Doctrine of Election; Stated, Defended and Applied in Three19TH CENTURY BOOKS AMERICAN CHURCH HISTORY CALVINISM The Doctrine of Election; Stated, Defended and Applied in Three Discourses.
1850 Bound in publisher's brown cloth with gilt lettering on front cover, spine and edges of covers faded, covers soiled some, spine ends starting to fray, yellow endpapers, light to medium foxing. book Small 12mo. Hartford. Press of Elihu Geer 
ROGERS, EBENEZER PLATT. The Doctrine of Election; Stated, Defended and Applied in Three Discourses. By Rev. E. P. Rogers, A.M., Pastor of First Presbyterian Church, Augusta, Ga. With an Introductory Essay; by Rev. Thomas Smith, D.D., Charleston, S.C. Hartford. Press of Elihu Geer, 10 State St. MDCCCL [1850] Small 12mo.

Bound in publisher's brown cloth with gilt lettering on front cover, spine and edges of covers faded, covers soiled some, spine ends starting to fray, yellow endpapers, light to medium foxing.

Collation: [1]-86, 94. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, (1) contents, (1) preface, [v]-xi preface by Thomas Smyth, (1) blank, [13]-104pp.

Ebenezer Platt Rogers (1817-1881) Presbyterian minister, graduated from Yale 1837, studied Princeton 1837-38, licensed South Assoc. of Litchfield county, Conn. 1840, ordained Hampton Assoc. same year. He was minister Cong. Church, Chicopie Falls, Mass., 1840-43; Edwards' Cong. Church, Northampton, Mass., 1843-1846; First Presb. Church, Augusta, Ga., 1847-1854; Seventh Presb. Church, Phila., 1854-1856; First Reformed Dutch Church, Albany, NY, 1856-1862; South Ref. Dutch Church, NY, NY, 1862-1881. "He was an amiable, genial polished Christian gentleman, warmly beloved by his ministerial brethren and by all the congregations he successively served. As a preacher he was lucid, impressive, able, eloquent and thoroughly Scriptural."--Nevin: Presbyterian Encyclopadia, p.782. "The doctrine unfolded and treated in this book, is truly one of those 'hard sayings'--those 'Scriptures which men wrest to their own destruction'--or at least to the injury of that peace and joy in believing, which would impart the assurance of faith to their hearts..."--Introduction. 
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The Life of God in the Soul of Man; or the Nature and Excellency of the Christian Religion.  By Henry Scougal, A.M. Some time Professor Divinity in the University of Aberdeen.  To Which is Added, A Sermon Preached at the Author's Funeral.  By George Gairden, D.D., SCOUGAL, HENRY.
10 SCOUGAL, HENRY. The Life of God in the Soul of Man; or the Nature and Excellency of the Christian Religion. By Henry Scougal, A.M. Some time Professor Divinity in the University of Aberdeen. To Which is Added, A Sermon Preached at the Author's Funeral. By George Gairden, D.D.
Henry Scougal's The Life of God in the Soul of Man, Stonington, CT, 1829, Full Calf 1829 Bound full calf with red morocco title label 7 double gilt fillets divide spine into 6 compartments, 2 x 5mm worm track near top corner of front cover, very small piece broken from top corner of rear cover, rubbed and scuffed just a little, light to medium foxing--heavier on endpapers, light dampstain bottom margin and top corner margin of last 40pp, 2 starts--but they are tight, otherwise clean and nice copy. book 12mo in 6's, 10.9 x 17.4 x 2cm. Stonington [CT]: Printed and Published by W. Storer, Jun. 
Henry Scougal's The Life of God in the Soul of Man, Stonington, CT, 1829, Full Calf


SCOUGAL, HENRY. The Life of God in the Soul of Man; or the Nature and Excellency of the Christian Religion. By Henry Scougal, A.M. Some time Professor Divinity in the University of Aberdeen. To Which is Added, A Sermon Preached at the Author's Funeral. By George Gairden, D.D. Stonington [CT]: Printed and Published by W. Storer, Jun. 1829. 12mo in 6's, 10.9 x 17.4 x 2cm. $85.00

Henry Scougal (1650-1678) Professor of Divinity in King's college, Aberdeen. "Scougal belonged to the school of Leighton in stressing personal holiness as well as theological learning. He died at the age of twenty-eight... Scougal produced several minor writings, mainly sermons, but above all The Life of God in the Soul of Man (L. 1677). This became a classic of Christian devotional literature, valued by Presbyterians as well as Episcopalians. In part one, Scougal defines true religion as `a union of the soul with God' and `a divine life'... Part two sets forth `the excellency and advantages' of true religion, and part three `the difficulties and duties of the Christian life.' ...John Wesley gave a copy of the book to his friend George Whitefield, who later wrote in his journal that `he never knew what true religion was' until he read `that excellent treatise'. Whitefield learned that it did not consist in good works but was `union of the soul with God, and Christ formed in us'. He wrote: `A ray of Divine light was instantaneously darted in upon my soul, and from that moment, but not till then, did I know that I must be a new creature.'"--D.B. Calhoun in Dict. Scottish Church Hist. & Theol., pp762-3.

Bound full calf with red morocco title label, 7 double gilt fillets divide spine into 6 compartments, 2 x 5mm worm track near top corner of front cover, very small piece broken from top corner of rear cover, rubbed and scuffed just a little, light to medium foxing--heavier on endpapers, light dampstain bottom margin and top corner margin of last 40pp, 2 starts--but they are tight, otherwise clean and nice copy.

Collation: 1-186. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [iii]-xi Preface, [xii]-xxiii Preface by Bishop Burnet, (1) blank, [25]-127 Life of God, (1) blank, [129]-211 Funeral Sermon, (1) blank, [213]-215 Contents (p. 215 mis-numbered 115), (1) blank. American Imprints 1829-40377. OCLC locates 9 libraries with this edition.
(17876) 
Price: 85.00 USD
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11 SERLE, AMBROSE. The Christian Remembrancer, or Short Reflections upon the Faith, Life, and Conduct, of a Real Christian.Faith, Life,
1808 Bound full tree-calf with red morocco title label, rubbed & scuffed, worn through leather at three corners, corners strengthened with book glue, medium to heavy foxing throughout, several slight starts--all are tight. 12mo. Newark, (N.J.) Printed by John Austin Crane. 1808. 
SERLE, AMBROSE. The Christian Remembrancer, or Short Reflections upon the Faith, Life, and Conduct, of a Real Christian. Of These Things Put them in Remembrance. 2 Tim. III,14. Newark, (N.J.) Printed by John Austin Crane. 1808. 12mo., 11.2 x 17.7cm.

Bound full tree-calf with red morocco title label, spine divided into panels with thick single gilt fillet line, rubbed & scuffed, worn through leather at three corners, corners strengthened with book glue, medium to heavy foxing throughout, several slight starts--all are tight.

Collation: A-Z6, Aa-Ee6, but lacking final blank Ee6. Pagination: (1) title, (1) preface, [3]-305 text, (5) contents, [311]-334 subscribers' names. Amer. Imprints 16170.

Ambrose Serle (1742-1812) a Calvinistic writer. " official and religious writer... In 1764, while living in or near London, Serle became a friend of William Romaine. Like Romaine he was an evangelical within the Church of England and other friends included John Thornton, John Newton, Augustus Toplady, and Legh Richmond. A series of letters from Romaine shows the deep affection and sympathy in religious matters which subsisted between him and Serle. When William Legge, second earl of Dartmouth, became secretary of state for the colonies in 1772, Serle was appointed one of his under-secretaries, and in January 1776 he was made clerk of reports. He went to America in 1774, accompanied the British army from 1776 to 1778, and during part of that time had control of the press in New York. Serle argued against the American War of Independence on religious grounds in his Americans Against Liberty (1775); his correspondence is rich in information on American affairs... Romaine circulated Serle's Horae solitariae (1776) and Christian Remembrancer (1787)."--H. L. Bennett, `Serle, Ambrose (1742-1812)', rev. Emma Major, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 
Price: 70.00 USD
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Apologia D. Ioannis Stosselii, Opposita Sophisticis et Friuolis, STOESSEL, JOHANN.
12 STOESSEL, JOHANN. Apologia D. Ioannis Stosselii, Opposita Sophisticis et Friuolis
1566 2nd Pamphlet, bound Quarto, 15.4 x 20.5cm Jena, Germany 
Johannes St÷ssel's Apologia, Jena, 1566, Scarce with only 1 library in the U.S.

St÷ssel helped introduce the Reformation in Baden-Durlach, "vigourously opposing everything divergent from strict Lutheranism. He later migrated to the position of Crypto-Calvinism.


STOESSEL, JOHANN. Apologia D. Ioannis Stosselii, Opposita Sophisticis et Friuolis cauillationibus quorundam censorum, in Comitatu Mansfeldensi, qui ambitione & odio accensi, potentiam & authoritatem reformandi alienas Ecclesias arroganter sibi sumunt, & pr├Žtextu puritatis doctrin├Ž, & glori├Ž Dei, adnouas seditiones, aut distractiones s├Žuiores in Ecclesia Christi classicum canunt. [small simple woodcut] I. Corinth. 4. Ego ver├▓ nihil facio ├á vobis indicari, vel ab humano die, Dominus est, qui ver├Ę & iust├Ę de me sententiam laturus est. Esai├Ž 9. Vnusquisq deuorat carnem brachii sui, Manasse Ephrim, & Ephraim Manassen. Galat. 5. Qui conturbat vos, iudicium portabit, quisquis est. Prouerb. 18. Iustus in principio accusator est sui postea inquirit in alios. Ien├Ž, Ex Officinia Donati Ritzenhaimi, Anno Christi, M.D.LXVI. [1566] Quarto. 15.4 x 20.5cm. $875.00

Johann St÷ssel (1524-1576) German theologian. "After taking his degree at Wittenberg in 1549, he was called, as an anti-Philippist, to Weimar by Duke Joh. Frederick as Chaplain and in this capacity he took part with Maximilian M├Ârlin, court chaplain at Coburg, in introducing the Reformation in the margravate of Baden-Durlach in 1556, vigorously opposing everything divergent from strict Lutheranism. In the same spirit he opposed Melanchthon at the colloquy of Worms in the following year... in 1558 [he] took part, with M÷rlin and Simon Musaeus, in the preparation of the Weimar "Book of Confutation,' which they defended against Victorinus Strigel and Pastor H├╝gel in a special Apolgie in 1559. The next year St÷ssel and M÷rlin accompanied John Frederick to Heidelberg, in the hope of keeping the duke's father-in-law, Elector Frederick the Pious, firm in Lutheranism. This proved impossible, however, and shortly after St÷ssel's return a change became apparent in his own attitude. In ensuing controversies between Lutheran and Calvinistic theologians both he and M├Ârlin assumed an intermediate position, and in this frame of mind became councilors of John Frederick... But when St÷ssel was appointed...superintendent in Jena, his mediating position became more pronounced, and with his limitation of the theological controversy of the Jena professors and the elevation of the Weimar consistory, at his instance, to the supreme church authority in Thuringia, with himself as its assessor, the breach between him and the Flacian part became complete, so that when Flacius and Wigand protested in writing against hem, he lodged complaint against them at court. The result of this controversy was the deposition of both opponents and the rout of their whole party, while St÷ssel was appointed to a theological professorship and undertook the difficult task of mediating between the Flacian clery and the synergistic Strigel... St÷ssel's revulsion from the Flacians of Jena receives its explanation from their terrorism, but his change to crypto-Calvinism is more difficult to account for. Many of his contemporaries ascribed it to unworthy motives; and it is impossible to tell how far personal ambition was the cause, or how far the reason lies simply in the development of his views of theology and the Church."--G. Kawerau in New Schaff-Herzog Ency. Rel. Knowledge XI:100-101. The Apologia that we offer was directed at the Mansfeld Ministerium. "As the controversy in ducal Saxony continued, the Mansfeld ministerium issued a protest against the activities of the leading reconciler in the Saxon ministerium, Johann St÷ssel." It was titled: Responsio Ministrorum verbi in Comitatu Mansfeldensi. Ad Apologiam D. Johannis St÷sselii. (Eisleben: Urban Gabisch, 1566).--footnote 86 on page 319 of: Bound Choice, Election, and Wittenberg Theological Method, From Martin Luther to the Formula of Concord. Eerdmans, 2005. The Apologia was printed twice, in 1565 and 1566. We offer the 1566 printing.

In the North America, OCLC locates only the Emory U. copy of the 1566 edition and no libraries with the 1565 edition. There are copies scattered in European libraries.

Newly rebound in attractive quarter calf with raised bands and gilt on red morocco title label, nice marbled paper over boards, new endpapers, light foxing, pages tanning some. Inscription at top of title page: "Berlin 12th May, 1851." Collation: A-B4, C3, lacking final blank. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, (20)pp. Colophon reads: "Ienae. Excudebat 'donatus Ritzenhayn. Anno M.D.LXVI. [1566]. 20 extra blank sheets bound in at back for filler.
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13 TAPPAN Letter from a Gentleman in Boston to a Unitarian Clergyman of that Cit
19TH-AM-MA-BOSTON-MARVIN 
TAPPAN, LEWIS. Letter from a Gentleman in Boston to a Unitarian Clergyman of that City. Third Edition. Boston: T.R. Marvin, Printer, 32 Congress Street. 1828. Duodecimo. Disbound pamphlet, side-stitched, light foxing, name cut from top of title page. Collation: 16, 24. Pagination: (1) title, (1) copyright, (1) explanatory notice, (1) blank, [5]-20pp. OCLC locates for the third edition: NY Pub Lib; Grinnell Col; U Chicago; Amer Antq Soc; Boston Athenaeum; Harvard U Houghton; Mass Hist Soc; U Mass Amherst. Amer. Imprints #35465 adds Lib Cong; Union Theol Sem NY; Lib Co Phila. Lewis Tappan (1788-1873), merchant and abolitionist, established the first commercial-credit rating firm in the country which he conducted "with great success until 1849, when he retired to devote himself to the humanitarian labors which had become his chief concern. In deliberately planning to draw upon his accumulated capital for his support for the rest of his life he was acting upon theories regarding the use of wealth which he later set forth in a pamphlet entitled Is it Right to Be Rich? (1869)." He was a long time supporter of the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions & the American Bible Society as well as funding and supporting the revivalist Charles Grandison Finney. He was one of the founders of the NY Anti Slavery Society and the American Anti-Slavery Society in 1833; took a leading part in forming the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society and later helped to found the American Missionary Association (1846) "explicitly committed to the cause of the negro."--Dict. of Amer. Biog. XVIII:303-04. In this pamphlet he lays out his change in belief from the Unitarian doctrine to the Trinitarian doctrine. From this time on was a staunch supporter of the Evangelical cause. 
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14 TAPPAN Letter to the Rev. Noah Porter, D.D. Pastor of the Cong. Church, Farmi
19TH-AM-NY-NY-HAVEN 
[TAPPAN, HENRY PHILIP]. Letter to the Rev. Noah Porter, D.D. Pastor of the Cong. Church, Farmington, Con. on the Statements of the Christian Spectator. In Reference to Dr. Bellamy's Doctrines. From No. XV of Views in Theology, for Nov. 1834. New-York: John P. Haven, 148 Nassau-Street, American Tract Society's House. 1834. Octavo. Disbound pamphlet, side-stitched, light foxing. Collation: 1-64, 71. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [3]-40pp. Amer. Imprints 34-27108 (CTSoP; GDecCT; ICN; MH-AH; OO.). OCLC locates only NY Hist. Soc.; Yale U.; & U. Mich. Clements Lib. Henry Philip Tappan (1805-1881) clergyman, philosopher, first president of the University of Michigan. "He began his publication in 1839 with his Review of Edwards's 'Inquiry into the Freedom of the Will.' This was followed in 1840 by his Doctrine of the Will Determined by an Appeal to Consciousness and in 1841 by his Doctrine of the Will Applied to Moral Agency and Responsibility. Though he shows the influence of Victor Cousin, the famous eclectic French philosopher of the time, yet there are touches of genuine originality in his handling of the problems..."--Dict. of Amer. Biog., XVIII:302. We offer his pamphlet on Bellamy doctrine of sin, published while Tappan was professor of moral and intellectual philosophy in the Univ. of the City of NY (later NY Univ.). 
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A Further Reply to Dr. Tyler, on the Doctrines of Propagated Depravity, &c., TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W.
15 TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. A Further Reply to Dr. Tyler, on the Doctrines of Propagated Depravity, &c.
1833 Good Pamphlet Octavo, 15.2 x 24.5cm Boston 
Taylor's Further Reply to Dr. Tyler on the Doctrines of Propagated Depravity, &c., Boston, 1833

TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. A Further Reply to Dr. Tyler, on the Doctrines of Propagated Depravity, &c. By N.W. Taylor. [Boston, 1833] Octavo, 15.2 x 24.5cm. $75.00

Nathaniel W. Taylor (1786-1858) theologian and educator. Taylor entered Yale in 1800, later studied under Timothy Dwight and was ordained minister of the First Church of Christ, New Haven, 1812. In 1822 upon the formation of the Yale Divinity School, he became Dwight Professor of Didactic Theology, a position he held to within a few weeks of his death. "In order to guard against the idea that man is saved by any merit of his own, Calvinism seemed to exclude any real freedom of choice. Edwards in his treatise on the will in grappling with this difficulty had declared that man has a natural ability to repent but is inhibited by his moral disinclinations; his only freedom is liberty to obey the strongest motive... [Taylor] Being of a bold and original mind, endowed with speculative talents of a high order...he broke through the narrow confines of the accepted theology. Moreover, he was a revival preacher deeply concerned with relating religious truth to the facts of human consciousness. His point of divergence was the reality of the freedom of choice. He denied that our consciousness of freedom is an illusion and asserted that the will is not another name for the strongest motive, but is a power to chose between motives. Man, he affirmed, is not born totally depraved, but with certain sinful inclinations, and his 'sin consists in sinning.' To induce men to turn from their evil ways and choose the highest good, appeal must be made to man's natural desire for happiness, which Taylor unfortunately called 'self love.' This self-love will finally become, in a regenerated mind, identical with an unselfish love for God. Such an interpretation of the freedom of the will and the modifications of Calvinism attendant upon it aroused a storm of controversy and divided the churches of New England into 'Taylorites and Tylerites' the adherents of Taylor and of his principal opponent, Bennet Tyler. The debate , passing beyond the borders of New England, became the chief theological reason for the disruption of the Presbyterian Church in 1838."--Charles A. Dinsmore in Dictionary of American Biography, XVIII:338-339. Taylor's "idea of the certainty but not the necessity of man's sin was not outside orthodoxy, and was essential, because his audience no longer knew the Reformation theology, and did not accept the idea of man's 'total depravity.' Taylor exerted a strong influence upon the revivalists, especially Charles G. Finney, whose theological system at Oberlin College, Ohio, 'bore clear marks of Taylorism.'"--Nelson R. Burr: Critical Bibliography of Religion in American, II:994-995. This pamphlet continues the controversy on depravity & regeneration. Taylor had replied to Tyler in his Remarks on propagated depravity and sin as the necessary means of the greatest good, New Haven, 1832. In this pamphlet he continues his thoughts on the doctrines of propagated depravity: "The next subject on which Dr. Tyler questions the consistency and orthodoxy of my views, is the doctrine of Depravity by nature."
Pamphlet in original printed self-title wrapper, lacking rear wrap, fore-edge & bottom edge untrimmed, untrimmed page edges tattered a bit, light foxing. Pagination: [title printed on wrapper, pagination starts with first page of text] [27]-60pp. American Imprints #33-21445. OCLC locates only 2 libraries: Columbia Univ. Libr. & Yale Univ. Libr.
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A Letter from Rev. Nathaniel W. Taylor, on the Subject of His Late Discussion with Rev. Dr. Tyler.  First published in the Quarterly Christian Spectator. For September, 1833., TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W.
16 TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. A Letter from Rev. Nathaniel W. Taylor, on the Subject of His Late Discussion with Rev. Dr. Tyler. First published in the Quarterly Christian Spectator. For September, 1833.
1833 Pamphlet, side-stitched Good Pamphlet Octavo, 15.2 x 24.2cm New Haven 
Nathaniel W. Taylor vs. Dr. Tyler on Native Depravity & Regeneration, New Haven, 1833

TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. A Letter from Rev. Nathaniel W. Taylor, on the Subject of His Late Discussion with Rev. Dr. Tyler. First published in the Quarterly Christian Spectator. For September, 1833. New=Haven: Published by Stephen Cooke. Printed by Baldwin & Ellis. [1833] Octavo, 15.2 x 24.2cm. $50.00

Nathaniel W. Taylor (1786-1858) theologian and educator. Taylor entered Yale in 1800, later studied under Timothy Dwight and was ordained minister of the First Church of Christ, New Haven, 1812. In 1822 upon the formation of the Yale Divinity School, he became Dwight Professor of Didactic Theology, a position he held to within a few weeks of his death. "In order to guard against the idea that man is saved by any merit of his own, Calvinism seemed to exclude any real freedom of choice. Edwards in his treatise on the will in grappling with this difficulty had declared that man has a natural ability to repent but is inhibited by his moral disinclinations; his only freedom is liberty to obey the strongest motive... [Taylor] Being of a bold and original mind, endowed with speculative talents of a high order...he broke through the narrow confines of the accepted theology. Moreover, he was a revival preacher deeply concerned with relating religious truth to the facts of human consciousness. His point of divergence was the reality of the freedom of choice. He denied that our consciousness of freedom is an illusion and asserted that the will is not another name for the strongest motive, but is a power to chose between motives. Man, he affirmed, is not born totally depraved, but with certain sinful inclinations, and his 'sin consists in sinning.' To induce men to turn from their evil ways and choose the highest good, appeal must be made to man's natural desire for happiness, which Taylor unfortunately called 'self love.' This self-love will finally become, in a regenerated mind, identical with an unselfish love for God. Such an interpretation of the freedom of the will and the modifications of Calvinism attendant upon it aroused a storm of controversy and divided the churches of New England into 'Taylorites and Tylerites' the adherents of Taylor and of his principal opponent, Bennet Tyler. The debate , passing beyond the borders of New England, became the chief theological reason for the disruption of the Presbyterian Church in 1838."--Charles A. Dinsmore in Dictionary of American Biography, XVIII:338-339. Taylor's "idea of the certainty but not the necessity of man's sin was not outside orthodoxy, and was essential, because his audience no longer knew the Reformation theology, and did not accept the idea of man's 'total depravity.' Taylor exerted a strong influence upon the revivalists, especially Charles G. Finney, whose theological system at Oberlin College, Ohio, 'bore clear marks of Taylorism.'"--Nelson R. Burr: Critical Bibliography of Religion in American, II:994-995. Henry Martyn Dexter: "Collection toward a Bibliography of Congregationalism" #5292. This pamphlet is in reply & reference to Dexter #5193 & #5226, Bennet Tyler's Remarks on Rev. Dr. Taylor's Letter to Dr. Hawes, and Correspondence between Rev. N.W. Taylor, D.D. and Rev. J. Hawes, D.D. The controversy turned around native depravity and regeneration.

Pamphlet, side-stitched, fore-edge and bottom edge not trimmed, untrimmed page edges tattered a bit, title page soiled and worn almost through in several spots, small damp stains in outer margins, light to medium foxing. American Imprints #33-21446.
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An Inquiry Into the Nature of Sin, as Exhibited in Dr. Dwight's Theology.  A Letter to a Friend, by Clericus, TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W.
17 TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. An Inquiry Into the Nature of Sin, as Exhibited in Dr. Dwight's Theology. A Letter to a Friend, by Clericus
1829 Good Pamphlet Octavo New Haven, CT 
Nathaniel W. Taylor's An Inquiry Into the Nature of Sin, as Exhibited in Dr. Dwight's Theology. New Haven, 1829

TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. An Inquiry Into the Nature of Sin, as Exhibited in Dr. Dwight's Theology. A Letter to a Friend, by Clericus. New Haven: Printed by Hezekiah Howe. 1829. Octavo.

Pamphlet, disbound and side-stitched, very light foxing. The number "3." written at top of title. Collation: 1-54, 62. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [3]-21 Letter &c, [22]-43 Postscript, (1) blank. The Postscript discusses Mr. Harvey's Review of N.W. Taylor's sermon, Concio ad clerum. Amer. Imprints #38198.

Nathaniel W. Taylor (1786-1858) Congregational theologian and educator. In 1822 he was appointed Dwight Professor of Didactic Theology in Yale Divinity School. "Being of a bold and original mind, endowed with speculative talents of a high order... he broke through the narrow confines of the accepted theology. Moreover, he was a revival preacher deeply concerned with relating religious truth to the facts of human consciousness. His point of divergence was the reality of freedom of choice... Man, he affirmed, is not born totally depraved, but with certain sinful inclinations, and his 'sin consists in sinning.'"--Dict. Amer. Biog., XVIII:338.
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Dr. Taylor's Reply to Dr. Tyler's Examination, TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W.
18 TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. Dr. Taylor's Reply to Dr. Tyler's Examination
1832 Pamphlet in original printed paper wrapper with t Good Octavo, 15.8 x 24.8cm. Boston 
N.W. Taylor's Reply to Dr. Tyler in the Hawes/Taylor/Tyler Controversy re Native Depravity & Regeneration, Boston, 1832

TAYLOR, NATHANIEL W. Dr. Taylor's Reply to Dr. Tyler's Examination. Boston: Printed by Peirce and Parker, No. 9, Cornhill. 1832. Octavo, 15.8 x 24.8cm. $55.00

Nathaniel W. Taylor (1786-1858) theologian and educator. Taylor entered Yale in 1800, later studied under Timothy Dwight and was ordained minister of the First Church of Christ, New Haven, 1812. In 1822 upon the formation of the Yale Divinity School, he became Dwight Professor of Didactic Theology, a position he held to within a few weeks of his death. "In order to guard against the idea that man is saved by any merit of his own, Calvinism seemed to exclude any real freedom of choice. Edwards in his treatise on the will in grappling with this difficulty had declared that man has a natural ability to repent but is inhibited by his moral disinclinations; his only freedom is liberty to obey the strongest motive... [Taylor] Being of a bold and original mind, endowed with speculative talents of a high order...he broke through the narrow confines of the accepted theology. Moreover, he was a revival preacher deeply concerned with relating religious truth to the facts of human consciousness. His point of divergence was the reality of the freedom of choice. He denied that our consciousness of freedom is an illusion and asserted that the will is not another name for the strongest motive, but is a power to chose between motives. Man, he affirmed, is not born totally depraved, but with certain sinful inclinations, and his 'sin consists in sinning.' To induce men to turn from their evil ways and choose the highest good, appeal must be made to man's natural desire for happiness, which Taylor unfortunately called 'self love.' This self-love will finally become, in a regenerated mind, identical with an unselfish love for God. Such an interpretation of the freedom of the will and the modifications of Calvinism attendant upon it aroused a storm of controversy and divided the churches of New England into 'Taylorites and Tylerites' the adherents of Taylor and of his principal opponent, Bennet Tyler. The debate , passing beyond the borders of New England, became the chief theological reason for the disruption of the Presbyterian Church in 1838."--Charles A. Dinsmore in Dictionary of American Biography, XVIII:338-339. Taylor's "idea of the certainty but not the necessity of man's sin was not outside orthodoxy, and was essential, because his audience no longer knew the Reformation theology, and did not accept the idea of man's 'total depravity.' Taylor exerted a strong influence upon the revivalists, especially Charles G. Finney, whose theological system at Oberlin College, Ohio, 'bore clear marks of Taylorism.'"--Nelson R. Burr: Critical Bibliography of Religion in American, II:994-995. Henry Martyn Dexter: "Collections Toward a Bibliography of Congregationalism" #5227. This controversy, centered around sin/native depravity/regeneration, was started when Taylor reviewed Joel Hawes paper, then Tyler replied to Taylor's review, to which Taylor replies with our pamphlet. Taylor is defending the "orthodoxy" of his positions.

Pamphlet in original printed paper wrapper with title printed on front wrap, side stitched, fore-edge & bottom edge not trimmed, untrimmed page edges tattered a bit, wrapper soiled a bit, large damp stain in upper right hand corner of pages, light foxing. Pagination: [title printed on wrapper, pagination starts with first page of text] [1]-24pp. Small errata slip pasted to bottom of p.24. American Imprints#32-14935.
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19 THORNWELL, JAMES HENLEY. The Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell, D.D., LL.D., Late Professor of Theology in the Theological Seminary at Columbia, South Carolina.
1871 Bound publisher's brown cloth with gilt lettering rubbed & scuffed, fraying and worn through cloth at spine ends & corners, spine ends & corners consolidated with book adhesive, dark brown endpapers, pages lightly tanning, scattered occasional light foxing, otherwise good condition with sound hinges. book Octavo, 15 x 22.9cm., 2 vols (of 4). Richmond: Presbyterian Committee of Publication. New York: Robert Carter & Bros. Philadelphia: Alfred Martien. Louisville: Davidson Bros. & Co. 
Collected Writings of Southern Presbyterian Theologian James Thornwell, Vols I & II, Richmond, 1871, First Editions


THORNWELL, JAMES HENLEY. The Collected Writings of James Henley Thornwell, D.D., LL.D., Late Professor of Theology in the Theological Seminary at Columbia, South Carolina. Edited by John B. Adger, D.D., Professor of Ecclesiastical History and Polity in the same Seminary. Vol. I.--Theological. [& Vol. II.--Theological and Ethical] Richmond: Presbyterian Committee of Publication. New York: Robert Carter & Bros. Philadelphia: Alfred Martien. Louisville: Davidson Bros. & Co. 1871, 1871. 2 vols (of 4). Octavo, 15 x 22.9cm.

Bound publisher's brown cloth with gilt lettering on spines, rubbed & scuffed, fraying and worn through cloth at spine ends & corners, spine ends & corners consolidated with book adhesive, dark brown endpapers, pages lightly tanning, scattered occasional light foxing, otherwise good condition with sound hinges. Collation: 10 unsigned leaves, 2-418, 422; 8 unsigned leaves, 2-398, last leaf blank. Pagination: (1) title, (1) copyright, iii-vi Editor's Preface, 3-21 Contents, (1) blank, p.23 Prefatory Note, (1) blank, 25-650 main text, 651-659 index, (1) blank; (1) title, (1) copyright, 3-13 Contents, (1) blank, (1) Prefatory note, (1) blank, 17-613 main text, (1) blank, 615-622 index. There is a nice steel-engraved portrait of Thornwell at the frontispiece in vol. 1. Pencil signature of "A.M. Shimill, 1872" on back side of frontispiece.

Thornwell (1812-1862) Presbyterian clergyman and educator. Attended Andover Theol. Seminary & Harvard but withdrew because of their liberal views. He "returned to South Carolina in October 1834, repelled alike by the New England climate and mental attitude." After pastoring several churches he was later elected president of the College of South Carolina (1851). He left in 1855 to become professor of didactic and polemic theology at the Presbyterian Theological Seminary at Columbia, a position which he held until his death seven years later. He opposed the participation of the church in such secular affairs as the slavery controversy and temperance reform. "When the general assembly of 1861 adopted resolutions indorsing the Federal government he induced the Synod of South Carolina to indorse political secession and was a leading spirit in the organization of the Presbyterian Church in the Confederate States of America.... A political moderate before 1860, he championed the formation of the Southern Confederacy after the election of Lincoln. His article on 'The State of the Country' (Southern Presbyterian Review, January 1861) was published as a pamphlet and won wide acclaim as a cogent defense of the Southern point of view... His premature death, due to consumption, aggravated by overwork and the excitement of war, prevented the execution of a comprehensive treatise on theology which he contemplated preparing. Most of his addresses and sermons are preserved in "The Collected Writings of J. H. Thornwell (4 vols, 1871-73)"--Dict. Amer. Biography, XVIII:508.

I offer the first two volumes of Thornwell's Collected Works. Vols. 3 & 4 were published two years later in 1873. 
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A Letter to the Editor of the Spirit of the Pilgrims.  To which are Added Remarks on a Recent Letter of Dr. Taylor in the Christian Spectator, TYLER, BENNET
20 TYLER, BENNET A Letter to the Editor of the Spirit of the Pilgrims. To which are Added Remarks on a Recent Letter of Dr. Taylor in the Christian Spectator
1833 Disbound pamphlet, side-stitched Good Pamphlet Octavo Portland, Maine 
New England Theology, Bennet Tyler's reply to Nathaniel W. Taylor, Portland, Maine, 1833

TYLER, BENNET. A Letter to the Editor of the Spirit of the Pilgrims. To which are Added Remarks on a Recent Letter of Dr. Taylor in the Christian Spectator. By Bennet Tyler, D.D. Pastor of the Second Congregational Church in Portland, Me. Portland: Printed by Merrill and Byram. 1833. Octavo. $50.00

Bennet Tyler (1783-1858) American Congregational pastor, theologian, educator. President of Dartmouth College for 6 years, first President and professor of Christian theology of the Theological Institute of Connecticut, leader of the `Old School' Calvinists. "In this same year [1828] a sermon preached by Dr. Nathaniel W. Taylor at the Yale Commencement let loose a flood of theological controversy among the New England churches, especially in Connecticut, between the 'Old School' Calvinists and the 'New Divinity' as promulgated from New Haven. Being an ardent conservative and one of the ablest interpreters of the old theology, Tyler was drawn into the debate and became a recognized leader of conservative orthodoxy. On Sept. 10, 1833, forty ministers met in East Windsor, Conn., and resolved to establish a theological seminary--if twenty thousand dollars could be raised--to counteract, as far as possible, the harmful effects of the 'New Divinity as taught in New Haven. The money was raised in a few weeks, the corner-stone of the Theological Institute of Connecticut, now the Hartford Theological Seminary, was laid May 13, 1834, and Tyler was inducted into office as president and professor of Christian theology on the same day. This position he held for twenty-three years, resigning on account of the infirmities of age July 16, 1857... Not an original or speculative thinker, Tyler dwelt contentedly in the Calvinistic system as modified by Jonathan Edwards and tempered by Timothy Dwight"--Dict. Amer. Biog. XIX:85. In this pamphlet Tyler continues the now 5 year controversy with Nathaniel W. Taylor, re Taylor misrepresentations of Tyler's theological positions relative to sin and other doctrines.

Disbound pamphlet, side-stitched, mostly light foxing but with title and last page much heavier foxing. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [3]-40pp. Amer. Imprints #21589.
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