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Preceptoriu[m] Nycolai de Lyra: siue Expositio tripharia p[er]utilis,, NICOLAS DE LYRE
1 NICOLAS DE LYRE Preceptoriu[m] Nycolai de Lyra: siue Expositio tripharia p[er]utilis,
1502 Book Small octavo 9.6 x 13cm. Cologne 
Preceptorium Nicolas de Lyre, Cologne, 1502. Peter Christian Kierkegaard's copy (the brother of Søren).

NICOLAS DE LYRE, or HENRICUS DE FRIMARIA. Preceptoriu[m] Nycolai de Lyra: siue Expositio tripharia p[er]utilis, in decalogu[m] legis diuine: cu[m] multis pulcerrimis tractatulis... Dec decimis tribuendis. De duodecim articulis fidei. De septem peccatis mortalibus. De triplici modo peccandi in deum. Den operibus misericordie. De natiutiate, vita [et] morte Antichristi. De minde mundei et extrem iudico. Exhortationes faciende infirmo morie[n]ti. Dyalogus Anselmi... Bernardus de planctu bte[n] Marie virginis. Colloquium peccatiris et Crucifixi. Dyalogus Isidori de hominie [et] ratione. Utiles doctrine pro lucrandis animab[us]. [from colophon:] Colonie retro fratres Minores Anno dominice geniture. M.ccccii. [1502] [Matrin von Werden] Small octavo 9.6 x 13cm. $2,250.00

The printer's name is not mentioned, but it is likely the work of Martin von Werden. The Retro Minores press operated from 31 July 1497 to 1504. Proctor attributed the work of this press to Martin Von Werden. BMC, however, suggests that, as the Retro Minores used three of Heinrich Quentell's types and 2 of the same woodcuts, it might have been a branch of Quentell's business. However, following the custom of the time, Quentell and Zel each gave the location of their shop as retro fratres, behind the friars, and identified themselves as the printer. Books printed by von Werden between 1498 and 1506 do not bear his name. However, they do indicate they were produced at the same location as that used by Quentell and Zel, or, as is the case with this book, retro fratres Minores, behind the friars minor. After 1506, von Werden indicated both the location and his name. Von Werden used the same typed as Quentell and Zel, and reprinted woodcuts which originally appeared in their books.

The book has been attributed to Nicolas of Lyra (1270-1349). In modern times it has been assigned it to Henry of Friemar, circa 1245-1340 (Cf. Buchberger.Lexicon f. Theol. u. Kirche. 2nd ed.). Nicolas of Lyra had the greater reputation and is known as one of the great Biblical exegetes. He emphasized the literal meaning of scripture and his work was a strong influence on Luther. Nicholas was a Franciscan.

Henry of Friemar belonged to the same order as Luther, the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine. He was master in theology at the Univ. of Paris. Later he moved to schools at Prague in Saxony, ending his career as Provincial for his order in Thuringia and Saxony.

There are a few notations in the text, and two signatures. The signature at the bottom of A1, the title, appears to be that of P[eter] Chr[istian] Kierkegaard, and the numbers following represent the date of his acquisition of the book, March 20, 1831. Peter Christian (1805-1888) was born eight years before his more famous brother Søren, and outlived him by thirty-three years. He was decidedly more conventional in religious matters, serving as the Lutheran Bishop of Alborg for 18 years. He preached the eulogy at his brother's funeral in 1855.

The signature at the top of the first woodcut, A1v, is that of Friedrich Münter, 1761-1830. He is best known as an orientalist and archeologist. Münter was professor of theology at the Univ. of Copenhagen from 1790-1808. He left there to become Bishop of Denmark.

Bound 18th century calf corners & spine with marbled paper over boards rebacked with acid free brown heavy paper with slight faux raised bands, a long triangular piece (9x2x9cm) torn from marbled paper of front cover, smaller pieces torn from rear cover, worn through leather at corners, rubbed & scuffed, light blue speckled page edges, endpapers with stains from leather turn-ins, large but light dampstains throughout, tears in final two leaves repaired with translucent archival rag paper, worm hole from N2 through P4--also S3 through S8, title leaf and last leaf soiled.

Collation: A8, B8, C4, D8, E4, F8, G4, H8, I4, K8, L4, M8, N4, O8, P4, Q8, R4, S8; complete. 112 leaves.

Woodcuts on A2v and S8v. A woodcut of Mary, Queen of Heaven, handing the Christ Child to his grandmother, St. Anne, is printed twice. Over thirty spaces left for rubricated initial letters, which were never filled in. OCLC shows no copies of the 1502 edition in the U.S. but does locate two in Germany and one in Netherlands.
Price: 2250.00 USD
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Dichiaratione de i Salmi di David, PANIGAROLA, FRANCESCO.
2 PANIGAROLA, FRANCESCO. Dichiaratione de i Salmi di David
1586 Book Octavo, 11.4 x 15.5cm In Vinegia, Presso Altobello Salicato. 
The Psalms of David, in Italian by Panigarola, Vinegia, 1586

PANIGAROLA, FRANCESCO. Dichiaratione de i Salmi di David, fatta Dal R.P.F. Francesco Panigarola, Minore Offeruante. Alla sereniss. infante, la Signora Duchessa di Sauoia. [woodcut, 4 x 5.4cm] In Vinegia, Presso Altobello Salicato. 1586. All Libraria della Fortezza. Octavo, 11.4 x 15.5cm.

Francesco Panigarola (1548-1594) The most famous Italian preacher of his century. "At the age of twenty-three he was sent to Rome, where his sermons attracted much attention. Pius V had him sent to Paris where for two years he studied the Fathers and the councils, Greek and Hebrew. Returning to Italy he preached during thirteen years in the principal towns. He converted many Calvinists in France and Savoy..."--Livarius Oliger in The Catholic Encyclopedia, XI:444. His Dichiaratione de i Salmi, is a paraphrase of the Psalter in Italian, with the Latin commentary printed at the side. First published in 1586 there were editions of 1587, 1588, 1590, 1611, 1680 & 1720 (OCLC). We offer this attractive Vinegia, 1586, Italian & Latin Psalter.

Bound full sprinkled calf with 4 raised bands dividing spine into 5 gilt compartments, single fillet in blind around covers, boards edge-rolled in gilt, worm holes in top & bottom spine panels, lacking clasp & catch--small holes remaining where it was attached, rubbed some at edges, blue page edges with finger paint style design, light foxing, scattered small and light dampstains, a few ink stains, small tear in margin of C6 repaired with old paper, a few pages soiled including the title page--title has had several previous owners names partially erased with paper repair over them.

Small woodcut on title; full page woodcut of King David re Psalm 50 on verso of *4; three woodcut initial letters and three woodcut headpieces.

Collation: *4, A-Z8, Aa-Hh8, Ii4. Pagination: (1) title (1) blank, (3) dedication, (2) intro, (1) woodcut, [1]-501, (3) index. OCLC shows no libraries with this Vinegia, Altobello Salicato edition of 1586. It does list 1 library for a 1586 Venetia edition and 2 libraries for a 1586 Turino edition.
Price: 625.00 USD
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Apologia verae Doctrinæ de Definitione Evangelii.  Opposita Thrasonici præstigiis & indignis Theologo lusibus Iohannis VVigandi., PEZEL, CHRISTOPH.
3 PEZEL, CHRISTOPH. Apologia verae Doctrinæ de Definitione Evangelii. Opposita Thrasonici præstigiis & indignis Theologo lusibus Iohannis VVigandi.
Title translation: A Defence of true Doctrine from an Exposition of the Gospel. In Opposition to the vainglorious, deluded, and unworthy, shifty theologian, Johann Wigand. 1571 Pamphlet, bound quarto Wittenberg 
Christoph Pezel, Lutheran Crypto-Calvinist turned Reformed;
Writing against Johann Wigand, Wittenberg, 1571.

"He is particularly interesting as showing the evolution from Melanchthon's attitude towards predestination to the complete determinism of the Calvinistic concept of the dogma."

PEZEL, CHRISTOPH. Apologia verae Doctrinæ de Definitione Evangelii. Opposita Thrasonicis præstigiis & indignis Theologo lusibus Iohannis VVigandi. Authore Christophoro Pezelio, Sacre Theologiæ Doctore & Professore in Academia Wvitebergensi. [small simple woodcut device] VVitebergæ, Excudebant Clemens Schleich & Antonius Schöne, Anno M.D.LXXI. [1571] quarto, 15.7 x 19.5cm (pages) $750.00

Christoph Pezel (1539-1604) "German crypto-Calvinist... He was educated at the universities of Jena and Wittenberg...in 1569 was ordained preacher at the Schloss-kirche in Wittenberg. In the same year he entered the theological faculty, where he soon became involved in the disputes between the followers of Melanchthon and Luther, writing the Apologia veræ doctrinæ de definitione Evangelii (Wittenberg, 1571) and being the chief author of the Wittenberg catechism of 1571. He soon took a leading position as a zealous Philippist."--G. Kawerau in New Schaff-Herzog Ency. Rel. Knowl. IX:4. He was banished in 1576 for his Calvinism, but was called to Nassau the following year where he helped to introduce Calvinism. Bremen called him in 1581, and there he laid the foundation of Reformed church life. "Pezel did away with Luther's Catechism, substituting for it his own Bremen catechism, which remained in force until the eighteenth century, removed images and pictures from the churches, formed a ministerium which united the clergy, and, by his Consensus ministerii Bremensis ecclesiæ of 1595, prepared the way for the complete acceptance of Calvinistic doctrine." "He is particularly interesting as showing the evolution from Melanchthon's attitude towards predestination to the complete determinism of the Calvinistic concept of the dogma."--ibid. The Apologia is one of Pezel's earlier writings and was directed against Johann Wigand. Johann Wigand (1523-1587) had studied at Wittenberg hearing Luther, Melancthon & Cruciger. He was a staunch defender of orthodox Lutheran doctrine. Title translation: A Defence of true Doctrine from an Exposition of the Gospel. In Opposition to the vainglorious, deluded, and unworthy, shifty theologian, Johann Wigand.

Bound modern hardcover with brown variegated paper over boards, two small circular stamps on verso of title, very small piece torn from bottom edge of title, light & thin water stain along bottom and fore-edge of leaves D1-F1, light foxing. Collation: A-F4. Pagination: [48]pp. One decorative woodcut initial.

OCLC locates 4 libraries in the U.S. holding copies of this title: Andrews Univ., Harvard Div. Sch.; Luth. Theol. Sem.(PA); U. Wisconsin;1 library in UK: British Library; 6 libraries in Germany: Herzog August Bibl., Statts und U. Bremen, ULBSachsen Anhat Zentrale, Sachsiche LandesBibl., Universitatsbibliothek Tubingen, Wurttembergische Landesbibliothek; 2 in France: Bibliotheque Nat & Univ Strasbourg, Bibliotheque Nationale; 1 In Denmark:Danish Union Cat & Danish Natl Bibl.
Price: 750.00 USD
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