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SHAPE-NOTE HYMNAL

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SHAPE-NOTE HYMNAL

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The Christian Minstrel: A New System of Musical Notation; With a Collection of Psalm Tunes, Anthems, and Chants, Selected from the Most Popular Works in Europe in America.  Designed for the Use of Churches, Singing-Schools, and Societies., AIKIN, JESSE B.
1 AIKIN, JESSE B. The Christian Minstrel: A New System of Musical Notation; With a Collection of Psalm Tunes, Anthems, and Chants, Selected from the Most Popular Works in Europe in America. Designed for the Use of Churches, Singing-Schools, and Societies.
1851 Leather & printed paper Book Oblong 9 x 5 inches. Philadelphia 
Seven-shape Shape-note Tunebook, 1851


AIKIN, JESSE B. The Christian Minstrel: A New System of Musical Notation; With a Collection of Psalm Tunes, Anthems, and Chants, Selected from the Most Popular Works in Europe in America. Designed for the Use of Churches, Singing-Schools, and Societies. By J. B. Aikin. Twentieth Edition. Philadelphia, T. K. Collins, Jr., ; E. C. & J. Biddle; T. K. & P. G. Collins. Lancaster, Judd & Murray. New York, H. Long. Boston, Fetridge & Co.. Cincinnati, D. Anderson. Columbus, S. N. Whiting & Huntington. Wheeling, Va., John Fisher. 1851. Oblong 9 x 5 inches. $175.00

Aikin's Christian Minstrel (Phila, 1846) was the second but first successful attempt to substitute 7 shapes for the traditional 4 shape fasola hymnals. It "endured for decades and went into as many as 171 editions. Aikin's choice of simple elementary forms for his three additional note-heads has been shown to be fortunate by the fact that his shapes are used today by all the seven-shape rural song-book publishers in the South and have been the standard notation in that territory for over fifty years. ...In Aikin's Preface he stated clearly his hopes that his book would supplant the `trashy publications' which had up to that time, `supplied the churches, especially of the South and West...' He also hoped that his new notation would swell the numbers of those who could read music easily. He explained that he had reduced the varieties of musical measure to three, two-two, three-two, and six-four time; that he had excluded the minor scale from consideration in his rudiments as an unnatural, impractical, confusing, and really non-existent phase of music; that he had but one sort of clef for all four parts, one that has G in the middle (third line) of the staff; and that he had expressed the key of the tune by words and not by symbols."--Jackson: White Spirituals in the Southern Uplands, p.320-21.

Bound black morocco spine with printed paper over boards, printed paper heavily worn & rubbed, large portions of it worn away especially on rear cover, crease in front cover, foxing, pencil notes and scribbling on endpapers.

Collation: A-3F4. Pagination: 416pp. Indexes. With music. (17922) 
Price: 175.00 USD
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The Minstrel of Zion: A Book of Religious Songs, Accompanied with Appropriate Music, Chiefly Original., HUNTER, WILLIAM and SAMUEL WAKEFIELD.
2 HUNTER, WILLIAM and SAMUEL WAKEFIELD. The Minstrel of Zion: A Book of Religious Songs, Accompanied with Appropriate Music, Chiefly Original.
1845 Paper over boards Book 12mo in 6's, 9.5 x 15.2cm. Philadelphia 
Small Methodist Four-Shape Shape-Note Tunebook, Philadelphia, 1845


HUNTER, WILLIAM and SAMUEL WAKEFIELD. The Minstrel of Zion: A Book of Religious Songs, Accompanied with Appropriate Music, Chiefly Original. Philadelphia, Sorin & Ball, Stereotyped by L. Johnson and Co., 1845 (c1845 Printed by T. K. & P. G. Collins) 12mo in 6's, 9.5 x 15.2cm. $150.00

William Hunter (1811-1877), Methodist Episcopal pastor, presiding elder, editor, college prof., and gospel song writer. He was born in Ireland, emigrated with family in 1817; admitted to the Pittsburgh Conference 1833; editor of the Pittsburgh Conf. Journal and Pittsburgh Christian Advocate; filled pastorates in the Pittsburgh, West Virginia and East Ohio conferences, and was elected Professor of Hebrew and Biblical Literature in Alleghany College, where he remained for 15 years. Samuel Wakefield, admitted to the Pittsburgh Conference of the Methodist Ep. Church, 1834. "This work seeks not a place in the higher departments of poetry and music. It is rather designed as a contribution to the songs of plain Christian people, who make little pretensions to highly cultivated musical and poetical taste. The simple and pathetic have been more sought for than the lofty and sublime... Although this work contains a number of hymns and tunes adapted to the congregation, and especially to prayer-meetings, class-meetings and love-feasts, and to the `altar,' in seasons of revival, yet it is mainly intended for the family and social circle. Many of the compositions do not aspire to the character of hymns, but are rather `spiritual,' or religious songs... Frequent references are made throughout the book to hymns in the `Select Melodies,' suitable to be sung to particular tunes in this work. The two works will be found adapted to each other."--Wm. Hunter in the Preface. Rowe: Meth. Union Cat., #H7299. Stanislaw: Checklist Four-Shape Shape-Note Tunebooks, #109, "Rural and urban." We offer the First Edition of this small Methodist shape-note tunebook. Bound printed paper over boards, rebacked with modern brown acid-free paper with printed paper title label on spine, worn through paper at edges, library stamp, light foxing. Early owner inscription on front flyleaf from Dec. 12, 1845. Preface signed (i.e., printed) "W. H., Pittsburgh, 1845." Musical Introduction by Wakefield.

Collation: 1-186. Pagination: 216pp. Indexes. Music in 4 shapes, mostly in 2 part but a few in 4 part harmony. Hunter wrote the words for 88 of 183 hymns in this book. Wakefield composed 78 of the 157 tunes.
(17923) 
Price: 150.00 USD
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