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NATURAL HISTORY

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NATURAL HISTORY

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Sylva Sylvarum: or, A Natural History.  In Ten Centuries.  Wherevnto is Newly Added the History Naturall and Experimentall of Life and Death, or of the Prolongation of Life., BACON, FRANCIS.
1 BACON, FRANCIS. Sylva Sylvarum: or, A Natural History. In Ten Centuries. Wherevnto is Newly Added the History Naturall and Experimentall of Life and Death, or of the Prolongation of Life.
Francis Bacon: Sylva Sylvarum, 7th Edition, London, 1658 1648 7th Edition Early leather, rebacked w/ raised bands Bound early calf boards with three fillets in blind around edges, sometime rebacked in the last 20 years in leather with raised bands, recornered, original leather scuffed with some chips & cracks at edges, early 20th century endpapers pasted over earlier endpapers and on the front cover and old piece of paper with a bookplate cut out pasted over the newer endpaper, archival handmade paper sometime pasted over inside hinges, worm damage in pp209-216 affecting 3 to 4 letters on each page, light foxing. Small folio, 19.7 x 29.8 x 3cm. London 
BACON, FRANCIS. Sylva Sylvarum: or, A Natural History. In Ten Centuries. Wherevnto is Newly Added the History Naturall and Experimentall of Life and Death, or of the Prolongation of Life. Both Written by the Right Honourable Francis Lo. Verulam Viscount St. Alban. Published after the Authors Death, By William Ravvley Doctor in Divinity one of his Majesties Chaplains. Hereunto is now added and Alphabetical Table of the Principall thing contained in the ten Centuries. The Seventh Edition. London, Printed for William Lee, and are to be sold by Thomas Williams at the Bible in Little-Britain, and William Place at Grays-Inne Gate in Holburn, 1658. Small folio, 19.7 x 29.8 x 3cm. $975.00

Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Albans (1561-1626) "British philosopher, statesman and early advocate of the scientific method. He was also an important essayist. Successively attorney-general, lord keeper and lord chancellor, he was forced to resign his offices in 1621 when found guilty of corruption. None of this interrupted his efforts to break the hold of Aristotelian logic and establish an inductive empiricism."--"Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Albans." World Encyclopedia. 2005. Encyclopedia.com. 26 Jan. 2015 . "Bacon's contribution to philosophy was his application of the inductive method of modern science. He urged full investigation in all cases, avoiding theories based on insufficient data.... Today his contributions are regarded with considerable respect."--"Bacon, Francis (English philosopher and statesman)." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. 2014. Encyclopedia.com. 26 Jan. 2015 . "Two main strands can be distinguished in Bacon's impact on the Western philosophical tradition. First, his theory of scientific method in general, and induction in particular, was much commented on in subsequent epistemological debate. Second, and more important, Bacon's impact on Western philosophy is to be found in the ideological part of his philosophy--the active ethos with which he infused modern science."

"During his last years Bacon composed his utopia, the New Atlantis, and a natural historical work entitled Sylva sylvarum, meaning a collection of collections, a miscellany of subjects. It is a vast compilation of one thousand paragraphs consisting of extracts from many books and Bacon's own experiments and observations. The New Atlantis is a description of an island society and its scientific community: Salomon's House. In it Bacon developed ideas which he had outlined thirty years earlier in the early 1590s. The aim of the Salomon's House was nothing less than `the knowledge of Causes, and secret motions of things; and the enlarging of the bounds of Human Empire, to the effecting of all things possible' (Works, 3.156).... The Sylva sylvarum and the New Atlantis were posthumously published in the same volume in 1626."--Markku Peltonen, `Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Alban (1561-1626)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Oct 2007 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/990, accessed 26 Jan 2015]

Examples of the 1000 experiments in Sylva Sylvarum: Of Separations of Bodies Liquid by weight; Of Magnitude, Exility, and Damps of Sounds; Of Infectious Diseases; Of Exercise of the Bodie, And the Benefits, or Evils thereof; Of Clarification of Liquours, and the Accelerating thereof; Of Accelerating or Hastening forward Germination; Of Making Herbs and Fruits Medicinable; Of the different Heats of Fire and Boyling Water; Of the Hiccouchs; Of the Insecta, or Creatures bred of Putrefaction; Of Sweat; Of some Prognosticks of Hard Winters; Of certain Medicines that condense and relieve the Spirits; of the Causes of Apetite in the Stomach; Of the Super-Reflexion of Eccho's; Of Maleficiating; etc.

Bound early calf boards with three fillets in blind around edges, sometime rebacked in the last 20 years in leather with raised bands, recornered, original leather scuffed with some chips & cracks at edges, early 20th century endpapers pasted over earlier endpapers and on the front cover and old piece of paper with a bookplate cut out pasted over the newer endpaper, archival handmade paper sometime pasted over inside hinges, worm damage in pp209-216 affecting 3 to 4 letters on each page, light foxing.

There is an engraved portrait of Bacon facing an engraved title depicting the "Mundus Intellectualis." The engraved title is dated 1651 with the imprint: London Printed for W.Lee and are to be sould at the Great Turks head next to the Mytre Tauerne in Fleetstreet. Engr. title signed: "Tho: Cecill Sculp:" Printed title printed within double rules. Woodcut initials and headpieces.

Collation: frontipiece leaf facing title, engraved title page, A4, (a)4, B-T6, V-Y4; A-B2, C-K4; A4, b-e4. Pagination: (1) printed title, (1) blank, (2) dedication to Prince Charles, (3) To the Reader, (7) Table of Experiments, (2) Books printed for William Lee, 1-218 text, (1) table of chief matters (index), (1) blank, (1) Receipt for the Gout, (1) blank; (1) title: Hist. Life & Death, (1) blank, (1) to the reader, (1) To the present Age, (3) preface, 1-64; (1) half-title New Atlantis, (1) blank, (1) To the Reader, (1) blank, 1-36 (p. 35 misnumbered 21). Second title page reads: History Natural and Experimental of Life and Death. or Of the Prolongation of Life. Written in Latine by the Right Honourable Francis Lord Verulam, Vis-Count Saint Alban. London, Printed for William Lee, and Humphrey Moseley, and are to be sold at their Shops. 1658. There is a divisional title for New Atlantis, without imprint. Wing (CD-ROM, 1996), B328. ESTC Citation No. R27204.
(17830) 
Price: 975.00 USD
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The Christian Philosopher: A Collection of the Best Discoveries in Nature, with Religious Improvements., MATHER, COTTON.
2 MATHER, COTTON. The Christian Philosopher: A Collection of the Best Discoveries in Nature, with Religious Improvements.
1721 First Edition Book Octavo, 13 x 21.2 x 3cm London 
First Edition of Cotton Mather's The Christian Philosopher, London, 1721


MATHER, COTTON. The Christian Philosopher: A Collection of the Best Discoveries in Nature, with Religious Improvements. By Cotton Mather D.D. And Fellow of the Royal Society. [printer's device] London; Printed for Eman. Matthews, at the Bible in Pater-Noster-Row. M.DCC.XXI. [1721] Octavo, 13 x 21.2 x 3cm. $3,200.00

Cotton Mather (1662/63-1727/28) Puritan clergyman, scholar and author, he was the eldest son of Increase Mather. "Cotton Mather was the most influential writer of his generation in America. He brought the puritan period of New England history to an end and started towards the evangelical pietism of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. His vision of Christian religion flying to America inspired nineteenth-century writers on America's manifest destiny..." Re his work with natural science: "Many of Mather's letters to England were about the natural sciences. In 1712 he sent the first of several accounts of unusual natural phenomena to John Woodward, a prominent English geologist. He followed up with letters addressed to John Waller, secretary of the Royal Society, with the hope that they be published in the society's Philosophical Transactions. From 1712 to 1724 Mather sent a total of eighty-two such letters, known collectively as `Curiosa Americana'. Many were printed in the Transactions. Mather made no secret of his wish to be included among the circle that made up the Royal Society, and was elated when news came of his election to the fellowship in 1713. Thereafter with great pride he put FRS after his name. In 1714 he sent to London a large manuscript epitomizing the science of the day that was published in 1721 as The Christian Philosopher. The chapter on astronomy, according to a modern historian, is `The finest example of how Newtonian Science came to America and was disseminated' (Theodore Hornberger in Holmes, 1.137).--quotes from: Michael G. Hall, `Mather, Cotton (1663-1728)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Sept 2013 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18321, accessed 18 May 2016].

Bound full calf Cambridge paneled style binding with darkened center panel, slight raised bands, rubbed & scuffed, leather splitting along front hinge but hinge still holding well, corners bumped and starting to wear through, surface worm track on rear cover, medium to heavy foxing with some lighter pages, scattered dampstains throughout, marginal only silverfish damage outside edge of pp 119-132.

Collation: A4, B-U8. Pagination: (1) title, (1) blank, [iii]-vi Dedication by Tho. Bradbury, (1) An Index (i.e., contents), (1) publisher's ad, 1-304pp. Holmes: Cotton Mather 52-A. Sabin #46253.

Provenance: written at head of title: Theophili Pickering Libr. Maii 15. 1724." Written on recto of front flyleaf: "Nehm. Porter's 1759" then in different ink: "Price 25.s, then below in different hand: "This Book I give to my Son Nehemiah Porter, 1811." This is possibly Nehemiah Porter (1720-1820) Congregational clergyman, graduated of Harvard 1745, minister in Ipswich & Ashfield, Mass. and in between these Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, had a son Nehemiah born 1754 who likely was alive in 1811. Bookseller's tag on lower inside corner of rear paste-down endpaper: "This Book was Supplied by H. Seward, Bookseller Utica, New York, U.S.A., World Wide Out-of-Print Bookhunters Submit Your Wants! Printed in England."
(17901) 
Price: 3200.00 USD
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