GLADSTONE, WILLIAM EWART.
Title D.s. Signed document: We the undersigned Bishops, Clergy, and Communi
Binding 1 sheet paper, printed both sides
Type printed paper sheet, signed
Size 20.5 x 23.3cm.
Location Published London
Book Number 17174
GLADSTONE, WILLIAM EWART. D.s. Signed document: "We the undersigned Bishops, Clergy, and Communicants, in communion with the Church of England, while we abstain from entering upon the high and holy doctrines upon which, by the providence of Almighty God, so happy an agreement was reached at the conference held at Bonn in August last, between members of the Old Catholic, the Orthodox Oriental, and the Anglican Churches, desire to express our profound gratitude... We desire finally to express our gratitude to those Members of the Old Catholic and the Orthodox Churches, who were under Divine Providence, the instruments of this important gathering, and especially to its originator and President, Dr. Von Dollinger." Below this are the signatures of: "W.E. Gladstone; Stephen S. Gladstone, R. of Hawarden St. Asaph; Albert V. Lyttelton C. do.; Charles Gamler C. do.; John Lightfoot L[?] helper Hawarden; Joseph Baines Curate of St. John's Hawarden; W.H. Gladstone, M.P."
1 sheet paper, printed both sides, 20.5 x 23.3cm. Printed statement on recto with 7 signatures below. Verso with printed address: "Secretary of Address, 55, Charing Cross, London, W.S." With fold lines, and tears starting at folds, two small corners torn off, another small piece torn at end of fold, small hole in upper left corner.
Hawarden: parish in N. Wales near Chester, England; site of Hawarden Castle, built 1752 near ruins of medieval castle and long the residence of Gladstone. The document relates to the Bonn Conferences held "in 1874 and 1875 under the presidency of John Dollinger. Their purpose was to foster reunion between the Churches which had retained the faith and order of historic Christianity. Their direction was in the hands of the newly formed branch of the Old Catholics, though Dollinger never formally joined them.
Two main interests occupied the conferences: to clarify the basic position of the Old Catholic Churches, and arrive at some agreement between the Old Catholics on the one hand and the Eastern Orthodox and Anglicans on the other. The fundamental statement of belief had to wait fifteen years, but the principles of reunion were broadly agreed upon in a series of declarations that have more than historic value because they paved the way for similar ventures in the ecumenical movement of the present century.
Outstanding among the fourteen articles of unanimous agreement with the Anglicans were the acceptance of the Protestant canon of the Old Testament, denial of real merit before God for good works performed, rejection of "works of supererogation" in the practice of the counsels, belief that five of the seven sacraments are the fruit of later theological speculation, acknowledgment of the unbroken apostolic succession in the English Church, denial of the Immaculate Conception and that the Eucharistic celebration is a "repetition or renewal" of the sacrifice of Calvary.
Concord with the Orthodox centered around the procession of the Holy Spirit in the Trinity, which included the admission the "Holy Spirit does not issue out of the Son, because in the Godhead there is only one beginning." The Anglicans did not universally accept this compromise with the Orthodox. Among others, Edward Pusey of Oxford Movement fame was quite intransigent in his opposition to any tampering with the Western tradition on the Filioque in the Nicene Creed."--Fr. John Hardon: Religions of the World, Part Two, Chapter 17, Old Catholic Churches, accessed at http://www.therealpresence.org/archives/Protestantism/Protestantism_036.htm 02/28/10.
Church of England, Ecumenicalism, England-19th Century, MSS, Old Catholic, Orthodox Church, Anglican, Filioque