Title Preceptoriu[m] Nycolai de Lyra: siue Expositio tripharia p[er]utilis,
Size Small octavo 9.6 x 13cm.
Location Published Cologne
Book Number 17195
Preceptorium Nicolas de Lyre, Cologne, 1502. Peter Christian Kierkegaard's copy (the brother of Sĝren).
NICOLAS DE LYRE, or HENRICUS DE FRIMARIA. Preceptoriu[m] Nycolai de Lyra: siue Expositio tripharia p[er]utilis, in decalogu[m] legis diuine: cu[m] multis pulcerrimis tractatulis... Dec decimis tribuendis. De duodecim articulis fidei. De septem peccatis mortalibus. De triplici modo peccandi in deum. Den operibus misericordie. De natiutiate, vita [et] morte Antichristi. De minde mundei et extrem iudico. Exhortationes faciende infirmo morie[n]ti. Dyalogus Anselmi... Bernardus de planctu bte[n] Marie virginis. Colloquium peccatiris et Crucifixi. Dyalogus Isidori de hominie [et] ratione. Utiles doctrine pro lucrandis animab[us]. [from colophon:] Colonie retro fratres Minores Anno dominice geniture. M.ccccii.  [Matrin von Werden] Small octavo 9.6 x 13cm. $2,250.00
The printer's name is not mentioned, but it is likely the work of Martin von Werden. The Retro Minores press operated from 31 July 1497 to 1504. Proctor attributed the work of this press to Martin Von Werden. BMC, however, suggests that, as the Retro Minores used three of Heinrich Quentell's types and 2 of the same woodcuts, it might have been a branch of Quentell's business. However, following the custom of the time, Quentell and Zel each gave the location of their shop as retro fratres, behind the friars, and identified themselves as the printer. Books printed by von Werden between 1498 and 1506 do not bear his name. However, they do indicate they were produced at the same location as that used by Quentell and Zel, or, as is the case with this book, retro fratres Minores, behind the friars minor. After 1506, von Werden indicated both the location and his name. Von Werden used the same typed as Quentell and Zel, and reprinted woodcuts which originally appeared in their books.
The book has been attributed to Nicolas of Lyra (1270-1349). In modern times it has been assigned it to Henry of Friemar, circa 1245-1340 (Cf. Buchberger.Lexicon f. Theol. u. Kirche. 2nd ed.). Nicolas of Lyra had the greater reputation and is known as one of the great Biblical exegetes. He emphasized the literal meaning of scripture and his work was a strong influence on Luther. Nicholas was a Franciscan.
Henry of Friemar belonged to the same order as Luther, the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine. He was master in theology at the Univ. of Paris. Later he moved to schools at Prague in Saxony, ending his career as Provincial for his order in Thuringia and Saxony.
There are a few notations in the text, and two signatures. The signature at the bottom of A1, the title, appears to be that of P[eter] Chr[istian] Kierkegaard, and the numbers following represent the date of his acquisition of the book, March 20, 1831. Peter Christian (1805-1888) was born eight years before his more famous brother Sĝren, and outlived him by thirty-three years. He was decidedly more conventional in religious matters, serving as the Lutheran Bishop of Alborg for 18 years. He preached the eulogy at his brother's funeral in 1855.
The signature at the top of the first woodcut, A1v, is that of Friedrich Münter, 1761-1830. He is best known as an orientalist and archeologist. Münter was professor of theology at the Univ. of Copenhagen from 1790-1808. He left there to become Bishop of Denmark.
Bound 18th century calf corners & spine with marbled paper over boards rebacked with acid free brown heavy paper with slight faux raised bands, a long triangular piece (9x2x9cm) torn from marbled paper of front cover, smaller pieces torn from rear cover, worn through leather at corners, rubbed & scuffed, light blue speckled page edges, endpapers with stains from leather turn-ins, large but light dampstains throughout, tears in final two leaves repaired with translucent archival rag paper, worm hole from N2 through P4--also S3 through S8, title leaf and last leaf soiled.
Woodcuts on A2v and S8v. A woodcut of Mary, Queen of Heaven, handing the Christ Child to his grandmother, St. Anne, is printed twice. Over thirty spaces left for rubricated initial letters, which were never filled in. OCLC shows no copies of the 1502 edition in the U.S. but does locate two in Germany and one in Netherlands. (17195)
16th Century Books, Biblical Studies, Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church, Martin Luther, Soren Kiergegaard, Woodcuts, Illustrated Books, Ten Commandments