Montfaucons Monumental Greek & Latin Edition of Athanasius Works, 2 vols bound in 3, large folios, Paris, 1698
ATHANASIUS, Saint, Patriarch of Alexandria. Opera Omnia quae Extant vel qua ejus nomine Circumferuntur, Ad mss. codices Gallicanos, Vaticanos, &c. necnon ad Commelinianas lectiones castigata, multis aucta: nova interpretatione, Prafationibus, Notis, variis lectionibus illustrata: nova Sancti Doctoris vita Onomastico, & copiosissimis Indicibus locupletata. Opera & studio Monachorum Ordinis S. Benedicti e Congregatione Sancti Mauri. Tomi Primi pars Prima. [woodcut fleur-de-lys within wreath printer's device] Parisiis, Sumptibus Joannis Anisson Typographia Regia Directoris. M.DC.XCVIII.  Cum Privilegio Regis. 3 Large folio volumes, 27.8 x 42.5cm.
3 vols bound full leather with raised bands, gilt morocco title and volume labels but lacking two of the title labels, corners chipped from one volume label, the one remaining title label has the left fifth of the label chipped away, volumes sometime rebacked but with leather again split along all hinges, vol. 1 pt. 1 front cover attached by 3 of 6 cord and rear cover by 5 cords, vol. 1 pt 2 front cover attached by 4 cords and rear cover by 4 cords, vol. 2 all 6 cords still attached, leather rubbed and scuffed with small check marks in surface of leather, spine ends chipped away, worn through leather at corners, red page edges, light dampstains scattered in places along the bottom margin of vol. 1, 19th century library bookplate on front paste-down endpapers, small green-blue 19th century bookseller's tag of "J. Leslie 58 Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London. Libraries purchased." Light soiling of first title page, light foxing. Woodcut head & tailpieces.
Collation, Vol. 1: (2) unsigned leaves, *4, **2, a-f4, a-x4, A-Z4, Aa-Zz4, AAa-ZZz4, AAaa-LLll4, MMmm3; title leaf, MMmm2, NNnn-ZZzz4, AAAaa-ZZZzz4, AAAaaa-ZZZzzz4, AAAAaaa-ZZZZzzz4, AAAAaaaa-CCCCcccc4, DDDDdddd-LLLLllll2. Vol. 2: a-b4, A-Z4, Aa-Cc4, Dd-Zz2, AAa-ZZz2, AAAa-ZZzz2, AAAaa-ZZZzz2, AAAaaa-ZZZzzz2, AAAAaaa-XXXXxxx2, ZZZZzzz4, AAAAaaaa-CCCCcccc4, DDDDdddd2. Pagination, Vol. I: (1) half-title page, (1) blank, (1) title, (1) blank,(5) epistola, (7) contents, [i]-xlvii prefatio, (1) blank, [i]-clxv Vita S. Athanasii, (1) errata tomi I., clxvii-clxvii in duos contra gentes, -645 text, (1) blank; (1) title, (1) blank, 645-646 monitum..., (1) title, (1) blank. -1295, (48) indexes, (1) blank. Vol. II: (1) title, (1) blank, [iii]-[x] præfatio, (6) contents etc., -742, (33) indexes etc., (1) blank. LACKING THE PORTRAIT facing the title of Vol. I. Nice map of Egypt facing p. xlii of Vol. I.
This work was edited by Bernard de Montfaucon 1655-1741, French scholar and critic. He was called to Paris in 1687 to work on editions of Athanasius and Chrysostom. "Athanasius Opera Omnia, still the best edition of that Father, was issued with a biography and critical notes in 1698."--Ency. Britannica, 11th ed., 18:780. "The monumental edition of the works of St. Athanasius on which he laboured with Dom Pouget and Dom Lopin, appeared in 1698 and was well received (3 vols., folio, Paris, reproduced in P.G., XXV-XXVIII)... The thoroughly scientific bent of Montfaucon's mind led him to elaborate a new auxiliary science out of the studies he had made for the verification of his Greek texts... Montfaucon was the father of Greek palæography, the principles of which he established by the rigour of his method in grouping his personal observations."--Catholic Ency. (c1911) X:540.
Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria (circa 296-373) "By his refusal to compromise with Arianism, he incurred the enmity of the powerful Arianizing party in the reigns of Constantine and Constantius." During his turbulent career he was deposed and banished 5 times. "Before c.318, while still in his twenties, he wrote two short treatises, the second of them the famous `De Incarnatione'...As bishop he was the greatest and most consistent theological opponent of Arianism. From 339 to 359 he wrote a series of works in defence of the faith proclaimed at Nicaea--viz. the true deity of God the Son--both meeting the Arians in theological controversy and exposing the tricks of their ecclesiastical politics. From about 361 onwards he especially sought the reconciliation of the large semi-Arian party to the Nicene term homoousios (`of one substance'), which they were reluctant to accept. The Council of Alexandria (362), under his direction, greatly furthered this end... He was also concerned to uphold the deity of the Holy Spirit and the full manhood of Christ against Macedonian and Apollinarian tendencies. As the friend of the monks Pachomius and Serapion, and the biographer of Antony, he aided the ascetic movement in Egypt and he was the first to introduce knowledge of monasticism to the West. His resolute character as well as his theology was the outstanding obstacle to the triumph of Arianism in the East."--Cross: Oxford Dict. Christian Church, p99. (17204)
17th Century Books, Patristics, Saint Athanasius Patriarch of Alexandria, Leather Bindings, Early Church, Eastern Church Fathers, Greek & Latin Texts